The Personal Exemption Phaseout (PEP) is back. Physicians and other high-income earners need to consider its impact. Below you’ll find the general guidelines, an example of how it works and finally, creative ways in which you can help manage or negate its impact.
PEP phases out the personal exemption by 2% for each $2,500 that a person’s adjusted gross income (AGI) exceeds the threshold.
PEP for 2015
|Filing Status||Phaseout Begins||Phaseout Ends|
|Married Filing Jointly||$309,900||$432,400|
|Head of Household||$284,050||$406,550|
Example: married filing jointly with two children
Personal exemption = $16,000. AGI= $360,000. AGI in excess of phaseout is $50,100/$2,500= 20.4, round up to 21. Multiply by 2% = 42% reduction on the initial exemption of $16,000. Reduction amount = $6,720. Personal exemption = $9,280.
If you are at the upper threshold of a $2,500 increment, take caution. A $100 increase in income could wipe out 2% of your personal exemptions.
Here’s how can you manage the impact.
Get your portfolio in shape
Realized gains in your investment accounts are included in your AGI and will impact the PEP. If your portfolio is in need of restructuring (in turn realization of gains) due to poor management and misallocation, there’s no time like the present to get it in shape. The benefits of a well-structured portfolio are more valuable than the personal exemption. And, if your income is going to stay the same, the net impact of the PEP will be the same whether you realize all the gains in year one, or, for example, over a two to three year period. That said, if your income is going to be significantly less next year, consider holding off.
Distribute your income elsewhere
IRA distributions are considered income. If your income is getting close to the phaseout, distribute elsewhere – a taxable brokerage account, for instance.
Consider your dividends
If your income is constant and your investment accounts distribute a significant amount of distributions, consider the following options:
- Locate the dividend paying assets in your tax sheltered accounts,
- Retool the investment strategy in your non-tax deferred accounts to minimize dividend-paying investments. PEP aside, asset location can be an extremely valuable tool for high-income earners.
Make the most of your deductions
Take advantage of your 401(k), 401(k) over 50 catch up, IRA, and Health Savings Account (HSA). Also consider your student loan interest, which is important for younger physicians who are still carrying the debt.
Manage your distributions
If you are in a partnership, manage distributions more effectively in high-income years.